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Karwa Chauth

Karwa Chauth

In 2014  Karwa Chauth Vrat will be observed on  Saturday, October 11, 2014.

Moonrise On Karwa Chauth Day = 20:19
Chaturthi Tithi Begins = 10:18 on 11/Oct/2014
Chaturthi Tithi Ends = 09:33 on 12/Oct/2014
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 In 2015  Karwa Chauth Vrat will be observed on  Saturday, October 30, 2015.

 Moonrise On Karwa Chauth Day = 20:26
Chaturthi Tithi Begins = 08:24 on 30/Oct/2015
Chaturthi Tithi Ends = 06:25 on 31/Oct/2015
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"The Karwa Chauth Vrat" is of significant importance in India."The Karwa Chauth" is a ritual of fasting observed by married Hindu women seeking the longlife, well-being and prosperity of their husbands. Married women keep a strict fast and do not take even a drop of water. It is the most important and difficult fast observed by married Hindu women. It begins before sunrise and ends only after offering prayers and worshiping the moon at night. No food or water can be taken after sunrise. The fast is broken once the moon is sighted and rituals of the day have been performed. At night when the moon appears, women break their fast after offering water to the moon. 

Newly married brides celebrate this fast with great rejoice in their first year of marriage. Nowadays unmarried girls also keep this fast to pray for a good husband.

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First Karwa Chauth


 


Karva Chauth is of great importance for married Hindu women but the festival is seen as a big occasion for women undertaking their first Karva Chauth fast after marriage. A newly married woman is given utmost importance by relatives and immediate family members when she observes her first fast for the long life of her husband. She is showered with blessings of blissful married life and loads of Karwa Chauth gifts especially by her mother-in-law.


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 First Sargi


Mother-in-law prepares an elaborate Sargi (the pre-dawn Karwa Chauth meal) when her daughter-in-law observes her first fast. She wakes up much early to prepare a sumptuous and lavish meal inclusive of sweets and other delicacies for daughter-in-law. Saasu-ma blesses her bahu with an ashirvaad of ‘Sada Suhagan Raho’ which means, ‘may you always enjoy a blissful married life’ when the latter touches her feet with reverence. She also presents her daughter-in-law with gifts, which may be a piece of jewelry or a heavy saree on the first Karva Chauth.

 Sargi includes various food items like fruits, sweets etc and clothes and is given in the form of good luck and prosperity. Married women eats this sargi before the sun rise. On this day married women wears special clothes, adorn themselves with jewelry, colorful bangles, bindi and vermilion on the forehead and apply design patterns of heena (Mehendi) on both hands.

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First Baya

 
Baya is a gift given to a daughter’s mother-in-law by the bride's mother on the occasion of Karwa Chauth. It usually consists of :-

* salted mathris,
* dry fruits
* gifts for all her family members.
* some utensils are also included in the baya which are to be distributed amongst women who join the newly-wed on her first Karwa Chauth Puja.


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Elaborate Puja Preparations



Elaborate preparations are made for the customary evening Karva Chauth Puja in a family where a newly wed daughter-in-law observes her first Karva-Chauth. Married female relatives are invited to participate in the puja. The newly married woman often wears her bridal lehanga or a heavy saree and adorns herself with lot of jewelry and make up. After the puja ceremony she seeks blessings for happy married life from all elder women. The newly wed woman distributes mathris and utensils amongst the ladies that were a part of baya.
 

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The Tradition of Henna Mehndi 




  Henna Mehandi has its own significance in India and middle-east. It is like a tradition in India, and women used to adorn their hands and feet by using Henna Mehndi. Henna Mehandi is basically a paste that is obtained from the leaves of henna plant. It has a special place in the lives of married women (suhagans) who usually apply this on the occasions like Karwa Chauth.

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Gifts from Husband

Husband of the woman who observes her first Karva Chauth feel proud and great to see her better half observing such a rigorous fast for him. He gets overwhelmed with love and respect for her wife and pampers her with loads of Karva Chauth gifts. These days husbands also takes her wife out for a dinner to save her from the drudgery of day’s cooking work.

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 Celebrations

One Day before Karwa Chauth –  


One day before Karwa chauth mother-in-laws gives ‘sargi’ (a festive breakfast consisting of Jalebis, milk and Fenis etc.) to their daughter-in-laws .A sargi contains sari, sindoor, bangles, biridi, mehendi, red ribbon, coconut, a gift and seviyan which is eaten in the morning of Karwa Chauth.Women observing the Chauth vrat wash their hair and apply mehendi on this day.





On the day of Karwa Chauth -— 


Women wake-up before sunrise about 5 am, eat food from sargi (sent by mother-in-law) and drink water. They dress up in their fineries. The menu is as per preference of each house. One has to eat seviyan normally with milk as shagun.

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 Karwa Chauth Katha

There are many versions of Karwa Chauth story :-


Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha - No. 1 

A long time ago, there lived a beautiful princess by the name of Veeravati. When she grew up, she was married to a king. On the occasion of the first Karva Chauth after her marriage, she went to her parents house to do the vrat.
After sunrise, she observed a strict fast. However, Veeravati was very delicate and could not stand the rigours of fasting. By evening, Veeravati felt very weak, and fainted. Veeravati had seven brothers who loved her dearly. They couldn’t stand the plight of their sister and decided to end her fast. They made a fire at the nearby hill and asked their sister to see the glow. They assured her that it was the moonlight and since the moon had risen, she could break her fast.

However, the moment the gullible queen Veeravati ate her dinner, she received the news that her husband, the king, was dead. She was heartbroken and rushed to her husband’s palace. On the way, she met Shivji and Parvati Mata. Parvati Mata told her that her husband the king had died because she had broken her fast by watching a false moon. However, when

Veeravati asked her for forgiveness, Parvati Mata granted her the boon that her husband, the king would come to life but would be still very ill.
When the Veeravati reached the palace, she found the king lying unconscious with hundreds of needles
inserted in his body. Each day she managed to remove one needle from the kihg’s body Next year, on the day of Karva Chauth, only one needle remained embedded in the body of the unconscious king.


The queen Veeravati observed a strict fast that day and when she went to the market to buy the karva for the puja, her maid removed the remaining needle from the king’s body. The king regained consciousness, and mistook the maid for his queen. When the real queen Veeravati returned to the palace, she was made to serve as a maid.

However, Veeravati was true to her faith and religiously observed the Karva Chauth vrat. Once when the king was going to some other kingdom, he asked the real queen Veeravati (now turned maid) if she wanted anything. Veeravati asked for a pair of identical dolls. The king brought back the dolls for her.


The queen Veeravati always used to chant this song " Jo Rani thi wo Goli ho gayi.....jo Goli thi wo Rani ho gayi (the queen has turned into a maid and the maid has turned into a queen).". On being asked by the king as to why did she keep repeating that song, Veeravati narrated the entire story. The king repented and restored the queen Veeravati to her royal status. It was blessings of Goddess Parvati and the queen’s devotion and her faith that won back her husband’s affection.


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 Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha - No. 2


In a village, seven brothers and one sister were staying with their parents. The sister was youngest among them. That's why everybody adored her. When she was very young they got her married. After marriage on first Karwa Chauth, she came to her mother's house. Her mother-in-law affectionately sent sargai for her. She put mehndi on her hands along with her mother and her brother's wife and did sargai in the morning before sunrise and kept Nirjala fast (without taking water). By the evening the brothers got worried that how can their small sister live without food and water till night. They consulted among themselves and decided that we will create artificial moon for our sister. Two brothers went to the forest and burnt cow dung coal. The other two brothers went home and said let's go sister the moon has risen. All her brother's wife's kept quite. Sister said, "let's go Bhabhi the moon has risen, lets worship the moon and offer ark (water is offered to the moon) to it. All the Bhabhi’s said, "So early only your moon could have risen, you go."
 

She was not only young but also simple hearted; she really thought everyone's moon rises separately. She hurriedly took the pooja material to the terrace. There in the forest one brother was standing with a sieve in front of the cow dung coal fire, so from distance she thought that the moon is rising from behind bushes. She offered her worship and ark to the moon .As soon as she started eating; she received a message from her in laws that her husband has become seriously ill suddenly. On hearing this, the Girl's father and brothers along with her rushed to her in law's house. There her husband was seriously ill. Every body was worried. The Ayurvedic doctor was called but nobody could understand the illness.

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Then the family inquired from priests and Astrologers. They told them that this has happened because the girl has eaten food, after seeing the artificial moon. Now the only solution is that till the next year Karwa Chauth, the girl takes good care of her husband, then keep fast on Karwa Chauth and exchange Karwa with Gauri Maata and make her say "le suhaagan karwa le","de suhagaan karwa de". Then her husband will be well and will live long. On hearing this, the girl decided to take good care of her husband for one year. Next year Karwa Chauth arrived, her mother sent sargi for her. As per the tradition, she did sargi and kept fast. Her mother also sent material for baya, karwa and money. In the evening, all married ladies dressed up wore chunari, making preparation for the pooja, she waited to exchange Karwa with Gauri Maata.


When the first Gauri Maata arrived. The girl held her feet and pleaded her, " O'Gauri Maata, Please exchange karwa with me." 

After lot of pleading Gauri Maata sat with her and said :-

"Sister of seven brothers karwa le", 
"Jo bhukhi naa reh sake (who can't stay hungry) karwa le", 
"Jo payasi naa reh sake (who can't stay thirsty) karwa le", 
"Jo Chalni meh chaand dakhe (One who see moon in sieve) karwa le." 

She begged her again and again to say "Le Suhaagan Karwa Le" Gauri Maata said, "I won't say this. My other sisters will come, you make them say." And after saying this, she went away.


After some time the 2nd Gauri Maata came and she also went away saying what the earlier one had said. In this way they came one by one when the 9th Gauri Maata came, the girl was worried. When she begged her again and again and held her feet, then Gauri Maata said," when my youngest sister will come, you ask her, I will not say. My sister is scary looking but good at heart, don't let her go, make her say it."

 After some time 10th Gauri maata came. She had dark complexion, had big teeth, horrible face and was wearing lot of jewelry. When she heard the small girl pleadings, she sat down with her to exchange karwa and like other Gauri Maata's said :-


"Sister of seven brothers karwa le", 
"Jo bhukhi naa reh sake (who can't stay hungry) karwa le", 
"Jo payasi naa reh sake (who can't stay thirsty) karwa le", 
"Jo Chalni meh chaand dakhe (One who see moon in sieve) karwa le." 

The girl fell on her feet and said "O' Mother please forgive my mistakes, Please say "Le suhaagan karwa le". If you will say this, my husband will live. I will always worship you. Please bless me.


On girls repeated pleading, Gauri Maata felt pity for her and said-Let it be so and said "Le suhaagan karwa le" 

and the girl said "de suhaagan karwa de". 
Then, the same thing was repeated by both of them in reverse order. When they said this ten times the girl's husband was well again. Everybody touched Gauri Maata's feet".


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Karwa Chauth Vrat Katha - No. 3

 A money lender had seven sons and a daughter. All the sons were married. The daughter who was married came to her father’s house to observe her first Karva Chauth Vrat. On the fourth day of Kartik Krishna Paksha, the money lender’s wife, the seven daughters-in-law and the daughter kept the Karva Chauth Vrat.

The seven brothers did not like the idea of their sister starving, so they invited her to have food with them. But she did not accept the invitation and said that she will only eat after sighting the moon and after doing the needed pujas.The brothers decided to trick their sister, so that she will break her fasting.

They used mirror reflection from a fire place to convince the sister that the moon has appeared on sky.




The wives of the seven brothers who came to know about the trick informed the sister about the trickery. But the sister was not ready to listen to them and she accepted the words of her brothers and broke her fast by offering pujas to the reflection of fire thinking that it is the real moon. She also consumed food along with her brothers.

A couple of hours later she received the news that her husband is terribly ill. She rushed to her husband’s home. She had to undergo several troubles but illness of her husband showed no respite.

Soon she realized that all this was due to her not observing the Karva Chauth Vrat properly. She prayed to Lord Ganesh for forgiveness. She observed the Karva Chauth Vrat properly and soon her husband was cured and she was blessed with prosperity.


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Karwa Chauth Song 

Punjabi Customs :-

* The Karwa chauth song is sung when the women get together to perform pooja add sit in a circle
with their puja thalis (containing baya). 

*  Each fasting woman lights an earthen lamp in her thali while listening to the Karwa story. Sindoor, incense sticks and rice are also kept in the thali.



* They take a karwa ,decorate it with kharia, colours, laces and roli and then tie mauli around it. Then they fill this karwa with water. 




Usually the karwa is an earthen pot but now-a-days steel kalash or special silver karwas are used.

* The baya is covered with beautifuly decorated cloth. During the puja the thali is kept on the karwa.
 

 * Depending on region and community, a version of the story of Karva Chauth is narrated, with regular pauses. The storyteller is usually an older woman or a priest, if one is present. In the pauses, the Karva Chauth puja song is sung collectively by the women as they perform the feris (passing their thalis around in the circle). 



 Karwa Chauth Song (This is a Punjabi song)


"Le Veero Kudiye Karwada,
Le Sarv Suhagan Karwada,
Le Karwada Vataaiye,
Javinda Jholi Paaiye,
Ai Katti  Naa Ya Teri Naa,
Kumbh Chrakhra Feri Naa,
Gwand Pair payeen Naa,
Sui Ch Dhaga Payeen Naa
Ruthda maniyeen Naa,
Sutda Jagayeen Naa,

Patda Seeveen Naa,
Mailda Dhoveen Naa,
Bhain Pyari Veeran,
Chan Chade Te Pani Peena
Le Veero Kuriye Karwara,
Le Sarv Suhagan Karwara....... "



करवा चौथ गीत


थाली वटाते समय का गीत 



" लै वीरो कुड़िए करवड़ा

लै सर्व सुहागन करवड़ा

लै करवड़ा वटाइये

जवन्दा झोली पाइये

ए कत्ती ना या टेरी ना

खुम्ब चरखड़ा फेरी ना

गवान्ड पैर पायी ना

सुई च धागा पायी ना

रुठड़ा मनाई ना

सुतड़ा जगाई ना
पाटड़ा सीवी ना

मैलड़ा धोवी ना

बहन प्यारी वीरा
चन चढ़े ते पानी पीणा
लै वीरो कुड़िए करवड़ा
लै सर्व सुहागन करवड़ा "

* This Stanza is sung repeatedly till times all the  thalis have been rotated and all women have their own thalis... This completes one phera.
Meanwhile the story or katha continues,
In this way 5 or 7 pheras (circles) are completed.


Baya Manasna

 During this time, they also chant the following prayer ,which is for the well being of the husband and for marital bliss:

"Addey-addey Krishna pakshe var
Tith Karva Chauth
Manse hain apne suhag ke liye
Yeh karva, mattri, halwa, sari, nagdi
Apne suhag ka liye rani ka sa raj dena
Gaur ka sa suhag dena Shri Krishna nimant."

* The puja ends with the women showering rice and vermilion on Parvati and seeking her blessings. The younger women touch the feet of the elders, seek their blessings.

* After the puja, the women seek the blessings of their-mothers-in-law by touching their feet and offering almonds, saree and gift to them as a mark of respect.

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Karva Chauth song sung by women while offering water (Ark) to moon.

 


After sunset, with the sighting of the moon, the women go up to the terrace with their puja thalis, light deepak and through a sieve look at the moon while simultaneously offering Ark from the glass. They offer water and sweet mathri 5 (or) 7 times to the moon after saying a short prayer for the husband.

Karwa Chauth Ark Song :-

" Sir Dhadi,
Paer Kadi,
Ark Dendi,
Sarv Suhagan,
Chaubare Khadi......" 





करवा चौथ अर्क गीत 


चन्द्रमा को अर्क देते समय ये बोलें --


" सिर धड़ी,

पैर कड़ी,

अर्क देन्दी.

सर्व सुहागन,

चौबारे खड़ी… "

A parikrama for moon is done each time after offering ark. For parikrama, the lady turns a full circle standing at one place.The fast is broken by first taking a piece of the mathri and a sip of water, which was offered to the moon.



After the puja, one touches the feet of the husband and elders in the family.

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 North Indian Customs :- 

In Uttar Pradesh :--

 * In Uttar Pradesh the women exchange karvas seven times between themselves. * A priest or an elderly woman of the family narrates the story of beejabeti or Veervati.
* Women make Gauri, Ganesh and Shankar idols with mud and decorate them with colourful and bright clothes and jewellery.
* While exhanging Karvas seven times, they sing -


“ ...Sadaa suhagan karve lo, 
Pati ki pyari karve lo, 
Saat bhaiyon ke behen karve lo, 
Vrat karni karve lo, 
Saas ki pyaari karve lo...     ”


"...सदा सुहागन करवे लो,



पति की प्यारी करवे लो,


सात भाइयों की बहन करवे लो,

व्रत  करनी करवे लो,

सास की प्यारी करवे लो..."


* Thereafter, the women offer baayna (a melange of goodies like halwa, puri, namkeen mathri, meethi mathri, etc.) to the idols (mansana) and hand over to their mother-in-law or sister-in-law.

Offering Ark to moon :-
 

* The fera ceremony concluded, the women await the rising of the moon. Once the moon is visible, depending on the region and community, it is customary for a fasting woman, with her husband nearby, to view its reflection in a vessel filled with water, through a sieve, or through the cloth of a dupatta
*. Water is offered (arka) to the moon (som or chandra, the lunar deity) to secure its blessings. She then turns to her husband and views his face indirectly in the same manner.
* In some regions, the woman says a brief prayer asking for her husband's life. 


 हे चौथ माता जैसा साहूकार की बेटी को सुहाग दिया वैसा सब को देना |
और मुझे व परिवार वालो को भी |
हे चौथ माता सौभाग्य पुत्र और अचल लक्ष्मी सबको देना |
मंगल करना ,कल्याण करना ||

It is believed that at this stage, spiritually strengthened by her fast, the fasting woman can successfully confront and defeat death (personified by Yama).


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RajasthanI Customs :-

 In Rajasthan :-


* In Rajasthan the women exchange karvas seven times between themselves. * Stories are told by older women in the family, including narratives of Karva Chauth, Shiv, Parvati and Ganesh. In earlier times, an idol of Gaur Mata was made using earth and cow dung, which has now been replaced with an idol of Parvati. Each fasting woman lights an earthen lamp in her thali while listening to the Karva story. Sindoor, incense sticks and rice are also kept in the thali.


Offering Ark to moon:-

 
* The women say:-


 "Like the gold necklace and the pearl bracelet, just like the moon may my suhaag always shine brightly".
 
* In Rajasthan, before offering water seven times the fasting woman is asked
"Dhai?", 

 to which she responds, "Suhaag na Dhai".
 
* The husband now takes the water from the thali and gives his wife her first sip and feeds her with the first morsel of the day (usually something sweet).


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 Karwa Chauth Thali Decoration :


Thali Decoration with Oil

 
Steps:


1. Take a plain Thali, dip ear bud in any oil and draw desired auspicious pictures on the Thali.
2. Drop some powdered sindoor/Haldi/any rangoli color on it and shake well.
3. Now turn the Thali upside down to remove excess color powder.
4. You will find design embossed on plain Thali.
5. Floral desigsn looks great.
6. You can wipe this and keep the same Thali for next pooja.


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Thali Decoration with Velvet

Steps:
  
1. Take a plain steel thali.
2. Cover it with a velvet cloth of any colour.
3. Keep your pooja material on it.
4. Decorate a diya with golden color and place it on your thali.
5. You will get a adorably stylized velvet pooja thali.

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2 comments:

  1. Which is the correct date for Karva Chauth this year?

    ReplyDelete
    Replies
    1. The correct date for Karwa Chauth this year is..
      October 22,2013. Tuesday
      Moonrise time : 20:34

      Delete