Hariyali / Bheemana Amavasya - 2016

Hariyali /Haritali Amavasya 

* Hariyali means Green and Amavasya mean no moon day.  
* It is the monsoon festival celebrated on Amavasya of Shravan month (the green monsoon month). 
* Hariyali Amavasya usually falls three days before famous Hariyali Teej.

 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2016: Tuesday, 2nd August 2016.

Amavasya Tithi Begins = 03:14 on 2/Aug/2016
Amavasya Tithi Ends = 02:14 on 3/Aug/2016


 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2016: Tuesday, 2nd August 2016.
 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2017: Sunday, 23rd July, 2017.
 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2018: Saturday, 11nd August 2018.
 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2019: Thursday, 1st August 2019.
 Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2020: Monday, 20th July 2020.

Hariyali Amavasya Date in 2015: Friday, 14th August 2015.
Hariyali amavasya is celebrated throughout India with great devotion and joy. It is very interesting to note how this significant day is celebrated but in by different names and traditions in different states.

In Uttar Pradesh: Hariyali amavasya/Haritali Amavasya 
In Karnataka: Bheemana Amavasya / Bhima Amavas / Pathi Sanjivini Vrat/ Jyotir bheemeswara vrat
In Tamil Nadu: Aadi Amavasya
In Maharashtra:  Gatari Amavasya
In Andhra Pradesh: Chukkala Amavasya
In Odisha: Chitlagi Amavasya
In Kerala: Karkidaka Vavubali 
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Hariyali Amavasya is Celebrated throughout India

In North India:

In North Indian states like Uttar Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Punjab, Chandigarh, Bihar, Haryana, Delhi, Rajasthan etc. people follow Purnimant calendars that is why they celebrate it as Shravan / Hariyali Amavasya. 

 In South India:

In southern and eastern Indian states like Andhra Pradesh, Goa, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Gujarat, Kerala, Tamil Nadu and Tripua, Assam, West Bengal etc.people follow Amavasyant calendars that is why they celebrate it as Ashada Amavasya.

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To understand Purnimant and Amavasyant calendars go to my link :


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Main Rituals:

*** Deepa Puja

*** Pithru tharpan

*** Shiv and Gauri Puja  for wealth and prosperity 

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*** Deepa Puja on Hariyali Amavasya:

* The major ritual of Hariyali Amavasya is Deepa Puja. 

* People clean and decorate their houses. 
* Lamps or Diyas are decorated with colours. All the lamps are placed on a ‘Chourang’ (mini table) and rangoli designs are made around it. 
* These beautifully decorated diyas are lit and puja is offered to them. 

Deepa Puja is dedicated to:

** Ishta Devata – the deity of one’s choice

** Pancha Mahabhutas , five primordial elements – Air, Water, Fire, Sky and the Earth.

Significance of deep puja:

Performing Deepa Puja provides Asta Aishwaryas (8 types of wealth). 

It also possesses spiritual significance. 
It is believed that the radiations of the light of the diyas drive out all the evil and bad powers. 

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*** Pithru tharpan on Hariyali Amavasya

*All Amavasya days are important to pay our respect to our ancestors.

*Amavasya is the day of new moon occurrence in the sky, and any fortnight containing the new-moon is considered auspicious by Hindus. They believe that during this period, the offerings they make, reach their late forefathers and in return are showered with blessing.

*Hariyali Amavasya is considered highly significant for Pitru Tharpanam and Pinda Daan.

*It is said that on this day, Pitru deva are highly active.

*Hence every good deed like charity, puja, other ritual of tharpan reaches them without fail.

*All these provide peace to their souls and thus remove pitru dosha.

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 *** Shiv and Gauri Puja  for wealth and prosperity 

* Jyotir Bheemeshwara Ammavasi is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. 
* It is believed that on this day Shiva, the Lord of destruction in Hindu mythology is taken over by Parvathi devotion towards him and accepts her as his wife. 

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Hariyali Amavasya – Celebrations throughout India

Uttar Pradesh

* In Uttar Pradesh Hariyali amavasya is a treat for the eyes of Krishna Devotees. 
*All t he temples at Mathura and Vrindavan are specially decorated on this day. 
* Special Darshan are organised at Dwarkadhish temple in Mathura and Banke Bhihari temple in Vrindavan. 
* People horde to have a glimpse of Lord Krishna. Special darshan are also arranged at temples various Shiva temples.

Divaso in Gujarat

Hariyali amavasya is known as Divaso in Gujarat. A lamp of ghee is lighted in the morning on this day and is kept burning for 36 hours i.e. upto next day evening. Worship is offered to this lamp. Divso stand for ‘deep vaso’ residence of lamp in the house. Diya are the marks of spiritual enlighten and it dispels evil.

The festival is associated with a fast known as Evrat – Jivrat. Evrat is a fast observed by newly married women for five consecutive years. Jivrat is a similar type of fast observed by all married women for the whole life. These vrata are performed to please Maa Parvati and seek long life of their husband. Maa parvati also blesses them with happy married life. shiv parvati

Bheemana Amavasya in Karnataka

People in Karnataka observe this day as Bheemana Amavasya.  It is also known as Jyoti Bheemeshwara Vratam which is an important ritual performed by the women. Unmarried girls keep this fast to get a good life partner. Whereas married women keep fast for the welfare of their husband, brother or father. Ladies keep this fast for nine consecutive years. A unique ritual is that the devotees of this Vrata have to prepare diyas of flour called Thambittu Diya.

Special pujas is done to appease the divine couple – Lord Shiva and Maa Parvati. It is said that worshiping Shiva parvati on this auspicious day enhances prosperity and health.


In Rajasthan this Amavasya is a time for fairs and festivity. A three day fair is organised, out of which one day is especially reserved for the women. Women can be seen shopping in colourful dress, eating and enjoying sweet and savoury items.

Gatari Amavasya in Maharashtra

Hariyali Amavasya is known as Gatari Amavasya in Maharashtra. As per amavasyant calendars followed here – this Amavas falls on the last day of Ashad month and the beginning of the holy Shravan month.

It is a celebration of joy and happiness. People enjoy eating non-vegetarian food on this day. Gatari is a mark of farewell to bad food habits and invites the holy month of Shravan. The entire month of Shravan will be spent with Ekabukhth and Nakabhukth i.e. fasting during day or taking a single meal in a day.


Bhima Ammavasi / Jyotir Bheemeshwara Vratam

* Jyotir Bheemeshwara Ammavasi is dedicated to Lord Shiva and Goddess Parvati. 
* It is believed that on this day Shiva, the Lord of destruction in Hindu mythology is taken over by Parvathi devotion towards him and accepts her as his wife. 
* Parvathi is considered by some schools of Hinduism as the supreme Divine Mother or Lordess and all other goddesses are referred to as her incarnations or manifestations. Parvathi thus symbolizes many different virtues esteemed by Hindu tradition: fertility, marital felicity, devotion to the spouse, asceticism, and power. 
* Hence it is believed if women abstain food on this day and offer prayers to Lord Shiva, Parvathi chastely an unmarried would seek a good virtuous husband and married would pray for their husband's long life, success and happiness.
* Married women and pray on this day for the welfare, happiness and long life of their husbands.
* Unmarried girls pray on this day for the welfare, happiness and long life of their brothers and other male members in the house.

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Procedure for Vrat:

Things Needed:

Things can be substituted according to one's choice and capacity.

    *A pair of mud kalikamba lamps representing Shiva and Parvati or picture of Shiva and Parvati or Silver lamps.
    *Dough balls or Kadubus with coins hidden in them (Bhandara).
    *Thembittu lamps or traditional lamps
    *Turmeric roots
    *Yellow thread
    *Nombu sacred thread (usually made instantly or bought)
    *Local flowers
    *Betel leaves
    *Betel nuts
    *Unbroken coconut

All things needed for the Puja are arranged. 

House is cleaned and decorated, especially the Puja area.
Fried things are not prepared on the day.


Kadubus or dough balls with coins stuffed inside are prepared. Some people hide coins inside idili or kozhakattai. The main idea is to have the ‘bhandara’ hidden with coins.
Make or buy a pair of Kalikamba lamps – it represents Shiva and Parvati and it is worshipped on the day. (Instead of Kali kamba lamps people also use idol or image of Goddess Parvati and Shiva or a pair of silver lamp or a single lamp).
Kalikamba lamps are cleaned and decorated – with sandalwood, turmeric paste or other similar items.
A yellow thread is used to tie turmeric root and it is tied to one of the lamps. This is Goddess Parvati.

Kalikamba lamps is placed on rice or grains in a tray and is placed facing East.
A garland is created using cotton and is used to decorate the Kali kamba lamps.
A sacred turmeric thread or yellow thread is placed in front of both the lamps or tied in the center.
Tie a yellow thread in nine places along with a flower. Keep the tied thread, betel leaves, and betel nuts in front of the lamp. It can also be arranged in a pot.
The normal lamps in the puja room are decorated in the normal way.
One pair of kalikamba lamps and the pooja accessories are used by all the women present. In some cases all participants make there own separate sets.

The Puja

The Kalikamba lamps are worshipped on the day. An archana with turmeric and kumkum is performed. Any shlokas dedicated to Shiva and Parvati is recited.
Gowri Puja performed chanting the ‘Diva Shri Gowri’ chant. You can also lit the traditional lamps.
Special prayer for the occassion - Shalabaranam kala deepika - maadi; Naaru batti neeru ennai nerudhalu.
Nivedya is offered and it includes coconut, betel leaves, betel nuts, fruits, bananas. An arati using Karpura is performed while offering the Naivedya.
Nombu sacred thread is tied on the right hand wrist.

Breaking of Bhandara or Kadubus

A half-dozen or a couple of coin-stuffed kadubu is placed on a platter and male members in the family are invited. Small kids are asked to smash the kadubu. The kids keep the coin and take the blessings. Elder male members bless the females in the house.
Betel leaves, sweets, fruits are distributed among female friends and relatives.

Next Day

The mud kalikamba lamps are placed under the tulsi plant or dissolved in water and the water is poured under a plant in the garden.
Married women observe Bheema Ammavasi for nine years after marriage. If they have the kalikamba lamps, it is gifted to a newly married woman or women who are performing the Bheemana Amavasya

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The story of Bheemana Amavasya – Bhagirati Nadi Hogi

Bheemana Amavasya or Bheema Ammavasai Vrata observed in Karnataka on the Amavasi (new moon day) in Ashada month is based on an unparalleled devotion of a young girl for Lord Shiva and Parvati. 

* Married women and pray on this day for the welfare, happiness and long life of their husbands.
* Unmarried girls pray on this day for the welfare, happiness and long life of their brothers and other male members in the house.

*The popular story, or Katha, associated with Jyotir Bhimeshwara puja is known as Bhagirati Nadi Hogi.

Once a Brahmin couple decided to travel to Kashi to pray to Lord Shiva. But they had a daughter, a young girl, and the couple was not ready to take her with them as they did not want to risk her life. The journey was long and they were not sure whether they will make it safely.

So the Brahmin couple decided to leave the young girl with their elder son. The elder son was married and they left the daughter with him and said that if they did not return he should get her married.

The parents did not return after a year and the brother and his wife was worried that they would have to marry her off. He did not want to spend money on her and instead he had an eye on the property and money that the father had left for this daughter.

The brother one day happened to hear a strange announcement made by the King of the region. The son of the King died yesterday and he would like to have him married before he is taken to pyre.

No one was ready to take the offer but the greedy brother did. He and his wife dressed up the young girl and took her to the King and got her married to the dead prince in exchange of gold.

After the marriage ceremony, the king, the soldiers and the young bride carried the corpse to Bhagirathi River to burn it. But suddenly there was a heavy rain and all the people except the young bride left. The King asked her to come with him as she is now a princess but she did not go with him. Instead, she decided to stay with the dead prince.

Looking at the dead body of the prince she thought this would not have happened had her parents were here.

The night passed and next day was Ashada Amavasi and the puja day.

She remembered her parents observing the Vrata. She took bath and dug up clay from the riverbank and made two kalikamba lamps. She made wick from fiber of a fallen tree and did the rituals as her parents used to do. She also made mud balls instead of the kadubus.

While she was performing the puja, a young couple appeared there and asked her what she was doing with the corpse and what was this puja for. She explained her fate and said she was now alone and there was no one to break her Bhandara or mud balls.

The young man agreed to break it. He smashed the balls and blessed her – Dheerga Sumangali Bhava (Have a long and happy married life).

The young girl smiled and said how can that be, my husband lies there dead.

The couple looked at the dead prince and asked her why she has not woken him up. Go and wake him up. Hesitantly she shook the prince and he opened his eyes. She could not believe her eyes. Soon she realized who the couple were but when she looked up they were gone.

She prayed to the divine couple – Shiva and Parvati – and narrated to the prince all that happened.

When the king and the courtiers returned to burn the corpse, they found the young girl and prince praying to Shiva and Parvati. The word soon spread and from that day people started strictly observing Bheema Amavasi in Ashada month with the kalikamba lamps – lamps made from mud.


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